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A Certain Idea of France

A Certain Idea of France

Author: Julian Jackson
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 1846143527
Pages: 928
Year: 2018-06-18
'Masterly ... awesome reading ... an outstanding biography' Max Hastings, Sunday Times The definitive biography of the greatest French statesman of modern times In six weeks in the early summer of 1940, France was over-run by German troops and quickly surrendered. The French government of Marshal Pétain sued for peace and signed an armistice. One little-known junior French general, refusing to accept defeat, made his way to England. On 18 June he spoke to his compatriots over the BBC, urging them to rally to him in London. 'Whatever happens, the flame of French resistance must not be extinguished and will not be extinguished.' At that moment, Charles de Gaulle entered into history. For the rest of the war, de Gaulle frequently bit the hand that fed him. He insisted on being treated as the true embodiment of France, and quarrelled violently with Churchill and Roosevelt. He was prickly, stubborn, aloof and self-contained. But through sheer force of personality and bloody-mindedness he managed to have France recognised as one of the victorious Allies, occupying its own zone in defeated Germany. For ten years after 1958 he was President of France's Fifth Republic, which he created and which endures to this day. His pursuit of 'a certain idea of France' challenged American hegemony, took France out of NATO and twice vetoed British entry into the European Community. His controversial decolonization of Algeria brought France to the brink of civil war and provoked several assassination attempts. Julian Jackson's magnificent biography reveals this the life of this titanic figure as never before. It draws on a vast range of published and unpublished memoirs and documents - including the recently opened de Gaulle archives - to show how de Gaulle achieved so much during the War when his resources were so astonishingly few, and how, as President, he put a medium-rank power at the centre of world affairs. No previous biography has depicted his paradoxes so vividly. Much of French politics since his death has been about his legacy, and he remains by far the greatest French leader since Napoleon.
A Certain Idea of France

A Certain Idea of France

Author: Phillip H. Gordon
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 140082091X
Pages: 292
Year: 1993-04-05
As France begins to confront the new challenges of the post-Cold War era, the time has come to examine how French security policy has evolved since Charles de Gaulle set it on an independent course in the 1960s. Philip Gordon shows that the Gaullist model, contrary to widely held beliefs, has lived on--but that its inherent inconsistencies have grown more acute with increasing European unification, the diminishing American military role in Europe, and related strains on French military budgets. The question today is whether the Gaullist legacy will enable a strong and confident France to play a full role in Europe's new security arrangements or whether France, because of its will to independence, is destined to play an isolated, national role. Gordon analyzes military doctrines, strategies, and budgets from the 1960s to the 1990s, and also the evolution of French policy from the early debates about NATO and the European Community to the Persian Gulf War. He reveals how and why Gaullist ideas have for so long influenced French security policy and examines possible new directions for France in an increasingly united but potentially unstable Europe.
De Gaulle

De Gaulle

Author: Julian Jackson
Publisher: Haus Publishing
ISBN: 1904341446
Pages: 170
Year: 2003
Capturing all the contradictions that made him a fascinating figure on the world stage, this new biography of Charles De Gaulle retraces his rise to prominence, his powerful struggle against the Nazis during World War II, and his eventual sometimes spotty record as French leader after the war. Original.
The Enemy's House Divided

The Enemy's House Divided

Author: Charles De Gaulle
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469620227
Pages: 232
Year: 2014-03-30
Originally published in 1924 and available here in English for the first time, The Enemy's House Divided is Charles de Gaulle's analysis of the major errors that led the Germans to disaster in World War I. Based partly on observations made during his internment as a prisoner of war from 1916 to 1918, it can be seen as the foundation for everything he wrote in the 1920s and 1930s in the shadow of German resurgence and for much of what he said and did after the Nazi victory in June of 1940. To de Gaulle, the German conduct of the Great War and the debacle of 1918 was the greatest moral disaster ever to befall a modern civilized political community. He seeks to identify the internecine causes of the collapse of the German war effort in 1918 and of the subsequent dissolution of the German Empire. His diagnosis of the profound moral crisis that unfolded in Germany during World War I points forward to 1940, for de Gaulle understood the fall of France, above all, as a moral catastrophe for the French. His first book, it is also a key document of de Gaulle's "philosophy of action," introducing his statesmanship to the world with its deliberate and studied critique of the perils of Nietzsche's philosophical initiative.
The General

The General

Author: Jonathan Fenby
Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing Inc.
ISBN: 1620878054
Pages: 707
Year: 2013
This biography of the former president of France describes his life and career fighting for the country that he loved, in the trenches of World War I, against the Nazi threat in World War II and during a decolonization war in Algeria. Original. 10,000 first printing.
The Last Great Frenchman

The Last Great Frenchman

Author: Charles Williams
Publisher: Little Brown
ISBN: 0349107114
Pages: 544
Year: 1995
This is the biography of General Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970), President of the Fifth Republic of France. A product of Northern French provincial society of the 19th century - austere, catholic and nationalist - de Gaulle was, according to Williams, the last great Frenchman. Whatever the arguments concerning de Gaulle's legacy, in his single-minded devotion to his country, and in his skill and strength in pushing it, there would have been no France if there had been no de Gaulle.
In the Shadow of the General

In the Shadow of the General

Author: Sudhir Hazareesingh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199913498
Pages:
Year: 2012-06-01
Charles De Gaulle's leadership of the French while in exile during World War II cemented his place in history. In contemporary France, he is the stuff of legend, consistently acclaimed as the nation's pre-eminent historical figure. But paradoxes abound. For one thing, his personal popularity sits oddly with his social origins and professional background. Neither the Army nor the Catholic Church is particularly well-regarded in France today, as they are seen to represent antiquated traditions and values. So why, then, do the French nonetheless identify with, celebrate, and even revere this austere and devout Catholic, who remained closely wedded to military values throughout his life? In The Shadow of the General resolves this mystery and explains how de Gaulle has come to occupy such a privileged position in the French imagination. Sudhir Hazareesingh's story of how an individual life was transformed into national myth also tells a great deal about the French collective self in the twenty-first century: its fractured memory, its aspirations to greatness, and its manifold anxieties. Indeed, alongside the tale of de Gaulle's legacy, the author unfolds a much broader narrative: the story of modern France.
A Certain Idea of France

A Certain Idea of France

Author: Julian Jackson
Publisher: Allen Lane
ISBN: 1846143519
Pages: 944
Year: 2018-06
'Masterly ... awesome reading ... an outstanding biography' Max Hastings, Sunday Times A life of the greatest French statesman of modern times In six weeks in the early summer of 1940, France was over-run by German troops and quickly surrendered. The French government of Marshal Pétain sued for peace and signed an armistice. One little-known junior French general, refusing to accept defeat, made his way to England. On 18 June he spoke to his compatriots over the BBC, urging them to rally to him in London. 'Whatever happens, the flame of French resistance must not be extinguished and will not be extinguished.' At that moment, Charles de Gaulle entered into history. For the rest of the war, de Gaulle frequently bit the hand that fed him. He insisted on being treated as the true embodiment of France, and quarrelled violently with Churchill and Roosevelt. He was prickly, stubborn, aloof and self-contained. But through sheer force of personality and bloody-mindedness he managed to have France recognised as one of the victorious Allies, occupying its own zone in defeated Germany. For ten years after 1958 he was President of France's Fifth Republic, which he created and which endures to this day. His pursuit of 'a certain idea of France' challenged American hegemony, took France out of NATO and twice vetoed British entry into the European Community. His controversial decolonization of Algeria brought France to the brink of civil war and provoked several assassination attempts. Julian Jackson's magnificent biography reveals this the life of this titanic figure as never before. It draws on a vast range of published and unpublished memoirs and documents - including the recently opened de Gaulle archives - to show how de Gaulle achieved so much during the War when his resources were so astonishingly few, and how, as President, he put a medium-rank power at the centre of world affairs. No previous biography has depicted his paradoxes so vividly. Much of French politics since his death has been about his legacy, and he remains by far the greatest French leader since Napoleon.
Certain Ideas of France

Certain Ideas of France

Author: H. L. Wesseling
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 0313323410
Pages: 205
Year: 2002
Wesseling, one of the Netherlands' most respected contemporary historians, offers a great variety of studies and essays on modern French history and historians. The work is unique in its combination of biographical and structural approaches.
Charles De Gaulle and the Media

Charles De Gaulle and the Media

Author: Riccardo Brizzi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319656422
Pages: 309
Year: 2017-11-22
This book explores Charles De Gaulle's use and strict control of television between 1958 and 1969, highlighting the association between charismatic power and television with regards to legitimizing the Gaullist leadership and determining an evolution towards presidentialism during the Fifth Republic. A protagonist of European political history of the twentieth century, Charles de Gaulle was a pioneer in the use of mass media: in the Second World War he had earned the nickname of Général-micro due to his reliance on radio communication; in 1958 he then started an substantive and fruitful use of television, which some of his opponents labelled as ‘telecracy’. From difficult beginnings, where he followed the advice of publicity and communication experts, through his masterful TV appearances during the dramatic moments of the Algerian War, to the presidential campaign of 1965 and the crisis of May 1968, the author paints a compelling fresco of de Gaulle as the first TV leader in contemporary European history. The book will appeal to students and scholars interested in the fields of French politics, political communication and political leadership.
Charles de Gaulle's Legacy of Ideas

Charles de Gaulle's Legacy of Ideas

Author: Benjamin M. Rowland
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739164546
Pages: 136
Year: 2011-08-16
Charles de Gaulle combined the skills to master the politics of his own day with an uncanny sense of where history was going and how to position France accordingly. The essays in this volume examine certain of the policies and themes de Gaulle pursued nationally, in the European region, and internationally, giving consideration to their significance in his own time, and today.
France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944

France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944

Author: Julian Jackson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191622885
Pages: 688
Year: 2003-03-06
The French call them 'the Dark Years'... This definitive new history of Occupied France explores the myths and realities of four of the most divisive years in French history. Taking in ordinary people's experiences of defeat, collaboration, resistance, and liberation, it uncovers the conflicting memories of occupation which ensure that even today France continues to debate the legacy of the Vichy years.
Political Leadership in France

Political Leadership in France

Author: J. Gaffney
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230274781
Pages: 258
Year: 2010-04-09
Gaffney analyzes how de Gaulle came to power in 1958: The drama surrounding the Fourth Republic's collapse, and the focus upon an exceptional individual meant that de Gaulle was able to confer a particular style of leadership on the Fifth Republic. The five Presidents who came after him have each capitalized on their own political 'persona.'
Charles de Gaulle

Charles de Gaulle

Author: Charles Cogan
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0312128045
Pages: 243
Year: 1996
This is the first book to combine a comprehensive historical analysis of Charles de Gaulle and Gaullism with a selection of related documents. In a compelling narrative, Cogan examines the three major stages of de Gaulle's career, he also assesses the Gaullist movement and its legacy for France, for Europe, and for transatlantic relations. A collection of 25 primary sources - many of which have never before been published in English - allows a firsthand reading and analysis of an array of government documents, interviews, press conferences, and excerpts from de Gaulle's memoirs and speeches. Maps and photographs throughout, a headnote for each document, a chronology, questions for consideration, and suggestions for further reading help make this book a fascinating resource.
The Republic of de Gaulle 1958-1969

The Republic of de Gaulle 1958-1969

Author: Serge Berstein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521252393
Pages: 259
Year: 1993-04-01
The Republic of De Gaulle offers a comprehensive account - the fullest yet available in English - of the eleven years that followed the establishment of the Fifth Republic in 1958. Serge Berstein analyses the new constitutional and political system that emerged under De Gaulle, and shows how France was able to disengage from the ruinous Algerian War. He then conducts a detailed analysis of the socio-economic changes wrought during this period, and discusses the aims of De Gaulle's highly individualistic foreign policy. In the final section Professor Berstein traces the decline of De Gaulle's ascendancy up to his eventual resignation in 1969. In conclusion the author assesses the contribution of a remarkable political leader to the not less remarkable changes that took place in France during his presidency. This volume, lucidly translated by Peter Morris, features all those student aids now associated with the series.