Empirische entwicklungspsychologische Erkenntnisse werden in diesem Band auf die Anwendung in Familien, Kitas und Grundschulen übertragen. Ausgangspunkte sind dabei das biopsychosoziale Entwicklungsmodell, das Schutz- und Risikofaktorenkonzept sowie empirische Erkenntnisse zu entwicklungsförderlichen Umweltbedingungen. Es werden verschiedene Programme vorgestellt und ihr Bezug auf das professionelle Handeln im pädagogischen Alltag überprüft. Dabei werden die Bereiche Entwicklungspsychologie, Pädagogische Psychologie, Klinische Kinderpsychologie und Gesundheitswissenschaft berücksichtigt.
Kindliche Fähigkeitsselbstkonzepte haben in der pädagogisch-psychologischen Forschung in den letzten Jahren weiter an Bedeutung gewonnen. Ihre Relevanz für kindliche Bildungs- und Lernprozesse ist gut belegt, ebenso immer mehr das Potenzial ihrer gezielten Förderung im schulischen Kontext (etwa auch durch Schulsozialarbeit). Die Autorin geht in ihrer Arbeit folgender Frage nach: Welche Einflussfaktoren ergeben sich auf die kindliche Fähigkeitsselbstkonzeptentwicklung im Kontext der Grundschule? Dazu gibt sie zunächst einen Überblick über Konstrukt und Konzept des Fähigkeitsselbstkonzeptes und theoretisch verwandte Zugänge. In Bezugnahme auf klassische Entwicklungstheorien (Freud, Piaget, Erikson) zeigt sie relevante Bereiche der psychosozialen und kognitiven Entwicklung und der Entwicklung des Fähigkeitsselbstkonzeptes im Grundschulalter auf. Weiterhin fasst die Autorin Einflüsse auf diese Entwicklung auf unterschiedlichen Ebenen zusammen (Persönlichkeit des Kindes, Schule/Unterricht, Familie, Gleichaltrige). Im abschließenden Kapitel werden Ansätze, Strategien und Interventionen zur Förderung des Fähigkeitsselbstkonzeptes vorgestellt, wiederum unter Berücksichtigung verschiedener Bereiche und Zugänge (systematische Programme für das Kind, Lehrer/innen, Eltern, Bildungspolitik).
Migration, Flucht und Vertreibung
Author: Annegret Reese-Schnitker, Daniel Bertram, Marcel Franzmann
Publisher: Kohlhammer Verlag
Der Band nimmt die aktuelle Situation von Migration, Flucht und Vertreibung in Deutschland zum Anlass, zunächst grundlegend die theologischen Implikationen zu thematisieren. Es folgen religionspädagogische Analysen der Situation und Konzepte für die religionsunterrichtliche Praxis. Ein letzter Teil präsentiert wertvolle Erfahrungsberichte von Religionslehrer_innen, in denen die Herausforderungen und Chancen bei der Arbeit mit Flüchtlingen bzw. der Flüchtlingsthematik vor Ort in den Schulen greifbar werden. Das vorliegende Arbeitsbuch zeichnet sich gleichermaßen durch Praxisrelevanz und Praxisnähe aus und ist für Religionslehrer_innen und Religionspädagog_innen sowohl wertvoller Begleiter und Impulsgeber, macht aber auch ganz praktische Konzeptvorschläge für den Unterricht.
Soziale Arbeit studieren Diese Einführung vermittelt Grundkenntnisse der Psychologie, die für Studierende der Sozialen Arbeit relevant sind: Entwicklungspsychologie, Sozialpsychologie, Familien und Erziehungspsychologie, Klinische Psychologie, Methodische Kompetenzen und Interventionsformen, Schulpsychologie etc. bis hin zu Fragen der Psychotherapie und Sozialpädagogischen Familienhilfe. Dabei wird insbesondere unter Einbeziehung zahlreicher Fallbeispiele reflektiert, wie Psychologie Soziale Arbeit beeinflusst.
Marylou Hyson provides educators with real-life examples and evidence-based teaching strategies to advance children's understanding and appropriate expression of their emotions.
`Professor Diem-Wille has done a remarkable job in bringing to her readers the latest observations on child development, based on the ideas of Freud and Klein as implemented in work at the Tavistock Clinic in London and at the University of Vienna. The book is of great relevance to professionals in the human relations field, but is also written in such a readable and humane manner that it should appeal to countless parents of young children. I strongly recommend it.' Anton Obholzer, Director, Tavistock Clinic, London, 1985-2002 `Diem-Wille treats her readers with great sensitivity, never wanting to prescribe, emphasizing the wide range of "normal behaviour" and taking into account the doubts and objections which might be raised regarding the views put forward. It is a book which will be of great value to parents, teachers, paediatricians, and all those concerned with furthering the understanding of children.' Isca Salzberger-Wittenberg, author of The Emotional Experience of Learning and Teaching `This book provides a powerfully argued and beautifully constructed account of the early development of the child in the family context from a psychoanalytic perspective [...] The breadth of the scholarship, depth of the clinical thinking, and skill that is in evidence will also make the book of real interest and relevance to readers already familiar with the psychoanalytic terrain. To an impressive degree the author brings together fundamental theories of psychoanalysis, insights from infant observation, knowledge of empirical research in child development, aspects of modern neuroscience, and a very substantial experience of clinical work in parent-infant psychotherapy and child analysis. This latter is particularly welcome since the importance of child analysis for the contemporary understanding of child developmental issues is sometimes not adequately appreciated. The examples drawn from sustained analytic work with children demonstrate both the nature of the children's suffering and the way in which analysis, through close attention to their unconscious anxieties, can relieve this and open up their capacity for emotional and cognitive development and for enjoyment of their lives.' From the preface by Margaret Rustin, Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychotherapist at the Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation Trust
Health and Resilience
Author: Tadeusz Marian Ostrowski, Iwona Sikorska
Publisher: Wydawnictwo UJ
The monograph Health and resilience is a collection of papers providing the reader with an opportunity to look at the issue of mental health and resilience from various perspectives. It examines numerous concepts of resilience as related to patterns of adaptation in adverse contexts. Resilience accordingly can be conceived as good adaptation, effective coping or well-being attained despite of adversities. As referring to a class of complex phenomena, resilience is not only a basic category for developmental psychopathology and positive psychology, but also applies to developmental, educational, family and health psychology as well as to psychoneuroimmunology. The chapters of the book address the issue of resilience from either the nomothetic or the idiographic perspective. The monograph discusses theoretical models of resilience, investigates mechanisms and processes connected with health and resilience, scrutinizes various aspects of the latter (such as risk and protective factors or internal and external resources) and provides examples of support in difficult life circumstances. The monograph Health and resilience adresses a very important and still neglected in Poland, issue of the relationship between psychological resilience and health. This issue is the subject of interest to a variety of scientific disciplines, including psychology. The very concept of resilience, however, is still variously understood and there is no common position in this regard. It is also in the context of this fact that the present monograph seems to be important. (...) The monograph may be directed at a wide audience interested in health-related issues, primarily at psychologists, both researchers and practitioners. It can also provide a valuable source of information for pedagogues, sociologists, philosophers, physicians, and other medical professions' representatives. From the review of Professor Nina Oginska-Bulik, Ph.D., Institute of Psychology, University of Lodz
Author: Keith Topping, Stewart Ehly
Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) involves children in school consciously assisting others to learn, and in so doing learning more effectively themselves. It encompasses peer tutoring, peer modeling, peer education, peer counseling, peer monitoring, and peer assessment, which are differentiated from other more general "co-operative learning" methods. PAL is not diluted or surrogate "teaching"; it complements and supplements (but never replaces) professional teaching--capitalizing on the unique qualities and richness of peer interaction and helping students become empowered democratically to take more responsibility for their own learning. In this book, PAL is presented as a set of dynamic, robust, effective, and flexible approaches to teaching and learning, which can be used in a range of different settings. The chapters provide descriptions of good practice blended with research findings on effectiveness. They describe procedures that can be applied to all areas of the school curriculum, and can be used with learners of all levels of ability, including gifted students, students with disabilities, and second-language learners. Among the distinguished contributors, many are from North America, while others are from Europe and Australia. The applicability of the methods they present is worldwide. Peer-Assisted Learning is designed to be accessible and useful to teachers and to those who employ, train, support, consult with, and evaluate them. Many chapters will be helpful to teachers aiming to replicate in their own school environments the cost-effective procedures described. A practical resources guide is included. This volume will also be of interest to faculty and researchers in the fields of education and psychology, to community educators who want to learn about the implications of Peer Assisted Learning beyond school contexts, and to employers and others involved in post-school training.
What exactly is a computer? How does it work? What is it made of? Learn all this and more with Ruby! In Ruby's world anything is possible if you put your mind to it—even fixing her father's broken computer! Join Ruby and her new friend, Mouse, on an imaginative journey through the insides of a computer in search of the missing Cursor. From bits and logic gates to computer hardware, in Journey Inside the Computer, Ruby (and her readers!) will learn the basic elements of the machines that power our world. Then future kid coders can put their knowledge and imaginations to work with fun activities. Praise for Linda Liukas and the Hello Ruby series: "[Linda Liukas] wants kids to understand and embrace basic computer logic, so that they later formulate code in the same effortless and creative way they build structures with LEGO." —The Wall Street Journal "Hello Ruby by Linda Liukas is half picture book and half activity book rolled into one adorable package. What I love about it is that it introduces programming without requiring a computer at all." —GeekMom.com
This volume demonstrates that mixed utterances in young bilinguals can be analyzed in the same way as adult code-switching. It provides new insights not only in the field of code-switching and of language mixing in young bilinguals, but also in issues concerning general questions on linguistic theory which are difficult to be answered with monolingual data.
Beginning literacy with language : young children learning at home & school.
Author: Klaus Grawe
Neuropsychotherapy is intended to inspire further development and continual empirical updating of consistency theory. It is essential for psychotherapists, psychotherapy researchers, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, neuroscientists, and mental-health professionals. Profoundly important and innovative, this volume provides necessary know-how for professionals as it connects the findings of modern neuroscience to the insights of psychotherapy. Throughout the book, a new picture unfolds of the empirical grounds of effective psychotherapeutic work. Author Klaus Grawe articulates a comprehensive model of psychological functioning-consistency theory-and bridges the gap between the neurosciences and the understanding of psychological disorders and their treatment. Neuropsychotherapy illustrates that psychotherapy can be even more effective when it is grounded in a neuroscientific approach. Cutting across disciplines that are characteristically disparate, the book identifies the neural foundations of various disorders, suggests specific psychotherapeutic conclusions, and makes neuroscientific knowledge more accessible to psychotherapists. The book's discussion of consistency theory reveals the model is firmly connected to other psychological theoretical approaches, from control theory to cognitive-behavioral models to basic need theories.
Author: Maria Teresa Guasti
Publisher: MIT Press
How do children begin to use language? How does knowledge of language emerge in early infancy, and how does it grow? This textbook offers a comprehensive introduction to knowledge acquisition, drawing on empirical evidence and linguistic theory. The theoretical framework used is the generative theory of Universal Grammar; students should have some familiarity with concepts in linguistic research. Aimed at upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, the book offers end-of-chapter summaries, key words, study questions, and exercises. This second edition has been thoroughly updated, with new content throughout. It has been reorganized according to the three main components of language acquisition. The computational components and the interfaces are covered in chapters on structure building in the verbal and nominal domains, movement-derived structure, and the relation between syntax and semantics and semantic and pragmatic. The sensory motor interface is treated in chapters on infants' perception of language and on the acquisition of words. The intentional-conceptual interface is discussed in chapters on the acquisition of words. This edition features additional cross-linguistic content, a new focus on brain imaging findings and the motor aspect of language, new material on Williams and Down Syndromes and dyslexia, and a new chapter on bilingualism, early second language acquisition, and bimodalism. Revisions reflect the burgeoning research in the field. New pedagogical features include chapter outlines, summaries of chapters, hypotheses, and linguistic milestones; methodological information; explanatory boxes; and suggestions for further reading.