The First Bilateral Investment Treaties

Author: Kenneth J. Vandevelde
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019067959X
Size: 32.76 MB
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This book is also a work of diplomatic history, offering an account of the negotiating history of each of the 22 treaties and describing U.S. negotiating policy and strategy.

The International Law On Foreign Investment

Author: M. Sornarajah
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521545563
Size: 18.84 MB
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The progenitors of the modern bilateral investment treaty were the treaties on '
friendship, commerce and navigation' (FCN) which were concluded from the
eighteenth century onwards.18 The United States concluded such treaties in ...
18 A treaty between France and the United States concluded in 1778 is reputed
to be the first such treaty. ... LR 805; H. Walker, 'Post- War Commercial Treaty
Program of the United States' ( 1958) 73 Political Science Quarterly 57; R. Wilson
, United ...

Bilateral Investment Treaties

Author: Centre on Transnational Corporations (United Nations)
Publisher: Graham & Trotman
ISBN: 9781853331060
Size: 64.90 MB
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Foreign direct investments increased dramatically both in developed and
developing countries after the Second World War and the upsurge continued into
the l960s. ... Chronologically, the first bilateral agreements dealing with the
protection of foreign investment were the "Friendship, Commerce and Navigation
" (FCN) treaties, which were concluded during the post-war period and up to the
late l960s, by the United States 6/ and, to a lesser extent, Japan and a few
western European ...

Boston University International Law Journal

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
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See also Gann, The U.S. Bilateral Investment Treaty Program, 21 Stan. J. Int'l L.
373, 373 (1983) (noting that post-war FCN treaties covered corporations for the "
first time" in United States ... The Future Interpretation of "Executive" and "Engage
" in Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaties, 14 Hastings Int'l & Comp.

International Transactions

Author: M. Rafiqul Islam
Publisher: Lawbook Co.
ISBN:
Size: 23.26 MB
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It is claimed by some writers that the accumulation of these treaties and the
uniformity of standards of protection contained in ... times.4 The progenitors of the
modern bilateral investment treaties were the treaties on friendship, commerce
and navigation ... A treaty between France and the United States concluded in
1778 is reputed to be the first such treaty. ... L.R. 805; Walker, "Post-War
Commercial Treaty Program of the United States" (1958) 73 Political Science
Quarterly 57; Wilson, ...

Temple Law Review

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 23.80 MB
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Part II examines the 1982 Sumitomo decision, in which the United States
Supreme Court held that a wholly owned ... negotiated through various bilateral
agreements known as friendship, commerce, and navigation treaties.22 The
general purpose of these treaties was to encourage and protect both foreign
investment in the United States23 and United States investment ... Edward M.
Melillo, Comment, Post-War Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaties-
Interpreting the Right of ...

The Un And Transnational Corporations

Author: Kenneth R. Simmonds
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 74.94 MB
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One of the main sources of inspiration of the first bilateral investment promotion
and protection agreements was the 1967 draft ... foreign investment were the
Friendship, Commerce and Navigation (FCN) Treaties which were used during
the post—war period and until the ... new FCN treaties will be concluded,
investment guarantee agreements, again essentially used by the United States of
America and, ...

U S National Study On Trade In Services

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 73.27 MB
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Any consideration of possible rules and disciplines in services trade first requires
a review of existing mechanisms applicable or ... They may be divided in four
basic groups: bilateral agreements, including treaties of friendship, commerce
and navigation; ... However, postwar FCN treaties differ from their predecessors
in that they place greater emphasis on the right of ... do not deal specifically with
investment activities because foreign investment by U.S. firms was minimal at that
time.

Journal Of World Trade

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Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 77.17 MB
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... and 1956, signed some sixteen friendship, commerce and navigation (FCN)
treaties with its trading partners.33 However, the ... The FCN treaties were
developed on the basis of the conventional treaty of amity, commerce and
navigation, which ... replaced by the investment promotion and protection treaty,
an expression first used in the bilateral treaties signed by ... H. Walker, Jr., The
Post-War Commercial Treaty Program of the United States (1958) 73 Political
Science Quarterly 57.