The First Bilateral Investment Treaties

Author: Kenneth J. Vandevelde
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019067959X
Size: 60.65 MB
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This book is also a work of diplomatic history, offering an account of the negotiating history of each of the 22 treaties and describing U.S. negotiating policy and strategy.

The International Law On Foreign Investment

Author: M. Sornarajah
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521545563
Size: 25.27 MB
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Treaties of friendship, commerce and navigation Bilateral treaties for the
protection of trading interests have been in existence from early times.1. The
progenitors of the modern bilateral investment treaty were the treaties on '
friendship, commerce and navigation' (FCN) which were concluded from the
eighteenth century onwards.18 The United States concluded such treaties in
large numbers with its allies, and many of them have been the subject of both
domestic and international ...

Bilateral Investment Treaties

Author: Centre on Transnational Corporations (United Nations)
Publisher: Graham & Trotman
ISBN: 9781853331060
Size: 75.37 MB
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A. Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaties 7. Chronologically, the first
bilateral agreements dealing with the protection of foreign investment were the "
Friendship, Commerce and Navigation" (FCN) treaties, which were concluded
during the post-war period and up to the late l960s, by the United States 6/ and,
to a lesser extent, Japan and a few western European countries. These treaties -
3- Part PAST AND PRESENT TRENDS BACKGROUND ON MEASURES FOR
THE ...

Boston University International Law Journal

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 37.65 MB
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See generally Walker, Post-War Commercial Treaty Program, supra note 53, at
61, ... J. Int'l L. 373, 373 (1983) (noting that post-war FCN treaties covered
corporations for the "first time" in United States commercial-treaty practice); Sachs
, The "New" U.& Bilateral Investment Treaties, 2 Int'l Tax. & Bus. Law. 192 ... 72
See Street, Korean Airlines: The Future Interpretation of "Executive" and "Engage
" in Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaties, 14 Hastings Int'l & Comp. L.
Rev.

International Transactions

Author: M. Rafiqul Islam
Publisher: Lawbook Co.
ISBN:
Size: 60.33 MB
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In view of the confusion created in the general international law on foreign
investment as a result of this conflicting set of principles, states took to the
practice of negotiating bilateral investment treaties in order to ensure that their
nationals who took ... Bilateral treaties for the protection of trading interests have
been in existence from early times.4 The progenitors of the modern bilateral
investment treaties were the treaties on friendship, commerce and navigation (
FCN) which were ...

Temple Law Review

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 25.58 MB
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I. Background of the FCN Treaties A. Purpose From the earliest days of the
republic, the United States has participated in international trade relations.21
Since that time, much of the commercial intercourse has depended on the legal
framework negotiated through various bilateral agreements known as friendship,
commerce, and navigation treaties.22 The general purpose of these treaties was
to encourage and protect both foreign investment in the United States23 and
United ...

The Un And Transnational Corporations

Author: Kenneth R. Simmonds
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 77.50 MB
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However, no bilateral investment promotion and protection agreement has ever
been concluded between two industrialized countries. B. Other bilateral
agreements containing investment provisions 12. Chronologically, the first
bilateral agreements dealing with the protection of foreign investment were the
Friendship, Commerce and Navigation (FCN) Treaties which were used during
the post—war period and until the mid-1960s by the United States, and to a
lesser extent, by Japan ...

U S National Study On Trade In Services

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ISBN:
Size: 75.65 MB
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A Submission by the United States Government to the General Agreement on
Tariffs and Trade. Section 4: ... Any consideration of possible rules and
disciplines in services trade first requires a review of existing mechanisms
applicable or potentially applicable to services. A review of these ... They may be
divided in four basic groups: bilateral agreements, including treaties of friendship,
commerce and navigation; technical multilateral agreements; OECD Codes; and
GATT provisions.

Trade And Foreign Direct Investment

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 15.75 MB
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An exclusive focus of such bilateral investment treaties (BITs) on the regulation of
foreign investment is their major distinguishing feature in comparison with earlier
Treaties of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation which were common in the
immediate postwar years. The growth in the number of BITs has been especially
significant since the late 1980s. UNCTAD reports that some two-thirds of the
nearly 1 , 160 BITs concluded up to June 1996 were concluded during the 1990s.
90 ...

Press Release

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 21.98 MB
Format: PDF
View: 2632
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An exclusive focus of such bilateral investment treaties (BITs) on the regulation of
foreign investment is their major distinguishing feature in comparison with earlier
Treaties of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation which were common in the
immediate postwar years. The growth in the number of BITs has been especially
significant since the late 1980s. UNCTAD reports that some two-thirds of the
nearly 1,160 BITs concluded up to June 1996 were concluded during the 1990s.