I miti del nostro tempo
Author: Umberto Galimberti
Publisher: Feltrinelli Editore
“Chi non ha il coraggio di aprirsi alla crisi, rinunciando alle idee-mito che finora hanno diretto la sua vita, si espone a quella inquietudine propria di chi più non capisce, più non si orienta.”Giovinezza e intelligenza, felicità e amore materno. E poi moda e tecnica, sicurezza e potere, e ancora mercato, crescita economica, nuove tecnologie... Sono i miti del nostro tempo, le idee che più di altre ci pervadono e ci plasmano come individui e come società. Quelle che la pubblicità e i mezzi di comunicazione di massa propongono come valori e impongono come pratiche sociali, fornendo loro un linguaggio che le rende appetibili e desiderabili. I miti sono idee che ci possiedono e ci governano con mezzi che non sono logici, ma psicologici, e quindi radicati nel profondo della nostra anima. Sono idee che noi abbiamo mitizzato perché non danno problemi, facilitano il giudizio, in una parola ci rassicurano. Eppure occorre risvegliarsi dalla quiete apparente delle nostre idee mitizzate, perché molte sofferenze, molti disturbi, molti malesseri nascono proprio dalle idee che, comodamente accovacciate nella pigrizia del nostro pensiero, non ci consentono più di comprendere il mondo in cui viviamo. Per recuperare la nostra presenza al mondo dobbiamo allora rivisitare i nostri miti, sia quelli individuali sia quelli collettivi, dobbiamo sottoporli al vaglio della critica, perché i nostri problemi sono dentro la nostra vita, e la nostra vita vuole che si curino le idee con cui la interpretiamo..
Comedy and the Rise of Rome invites the reader to consider Roman comedy in the light of history and Roman history in the light of comedy. Plautus and Terence base their dramas on the New Comedy of fourth- and third-century BC Greece. Yet many of the themes with which they engage are peculiarly alive in the Rome of the Hannibalic war, and the conquest of Macedon. This study takes issues as diverse as the legal status of the prisoner of war, the ethics of ambush, fatherhoodand command, and the clash of maritime and agrarian economies, and examines responses to them both on the comic stage and in the world at large. This is a substantially new departure in ways of thinking about Roman comedy and one that opens it up to a far wider public than has previously been thecase.
Author: Jostein Gaarder
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
One day Sophie comes home from school to find two questions in her mail: "Who are you?" and "Where does the world come from?" Before she knows it she is enrolled in a correspondence course with a mysterious philosopher. Thus begins Jostein Gaarder's unique novel, which is not only a mystery, but also a complete and entertaining history of philosophy.
The Force of Character
Author: James Hillman
Publisher: Ballantine Books
In his bestselling The Soul's Code, James Hillman restored passion and meaning to the concept of identity, arguing that each of us is born with an innate character, the "daimon" or "spirit" that calls us to what we are meant to be. Now, in The Force of Character, Hillman brings the idea of character full circle, offering a revolutionary new vision of life's most feared and misunderstood chapter: old age. "Aging is no accident," Hillman writes. "It is necessary to the human condition, intended by the soul." We become more characteristic of who we are simply by lasting into later years; the older we become, the more our true natures emerge. Thus the final years have a very important purpose: the fulfillment and confirmation of one's character. Contrary to the current genetic determinism that sees increased longevity as a wasted aberrance created by civilization, The Force of Character presents an explosive new thesis: The changes of old age, even the debilitating ones, have purposes and values organized by the psyche. Memory for recent events may falter, offering more place for long-term recollections. A heart condition in later life brings an opportunity to remove blockages from constricted relationships, while changes in sleep patterns allow the old to experience the profound elements of nighttime that we usually overlook. As Hillman says, "Aging makes metaphors of biology." In this empowering and original work, James Hillman resurrects the ancient, widespread, and socially effective idea of the old person as "ancestor," a model for the young, the bearer of a society's cultural memory and traditions. America disregards old people who aren't young-acting and young-looking. We don't realize that "oldness" is an archetypal state of being that can add value and luster to things we treasure, places we revere, and people's character. When we open our imaginations to the idea of the ancestor, aging can free us from convention and transform us into a force of nature, releasing our deepest beliefs for the benefit of society. For all who read it, The Force of Character will be a seminal, life-affirming experience.
COISAS DO AMOR
Author: UMBERTO GALIMBERTI
Para o autor, um dos grandes filósofos contemporâneos, o amor é actualmente um dos últimos espaços em que o Homem pode encontrar-se com a sua individualidade e permitir-se a uma liberdade pessoal num mundo cada vez mais tecnológico. Ainda assim, nunca como hoje a expressão do amor foi tão livre e pessoal, nunca como hoje o amor e a sua importância nas nossas vidas foram tão favorecidos de atenção e dedicação. Mas afinal que poder tão assoberbado exerce o amor sobre nós? De que formas condiciona e governa as nossas vidas? Quais os papéis reservados à individualidade e ao outro dentro de uma relação amorosa? Galimberti relaciona o amor com todas as suas formas e variantes, da sexualidade ao desejo, do ciúme à paixão, da solidão ao casamento, num livro surpreendente que já vendeu 90 000 exemplares em Itália.
The Greek Myths
Author: Robert Graves
Publisher: Penguin UK
Robert Graves, classicist, poet and unorthodox critic, retells the Greek legends of gods and heroes for a modern audience. He demonstrates with a dazzling display of relevant knowledge that Greek mythology is ‘no more mysterious in content than are modern election cartoons’. All the scattered elements of each myth are assembled into a harmonious narrative, and many variants are recorded which may help to determine its ritual or historical meaning. Full indexes and references to the classical sources make the book as valuable to the scholar as the general reader. And a full commentary on each myth interprets the classical version in the light of contemporary archaeological and anthropological knowledge.
Recently, there has been an increased understanding that learning occurs outside of the traditional classroom setting, particularly for adult lifelong learners. This perspective has enhanced an attentive design in the underlying technological architecture that is required for the integration of formal and informal learning environments. Synergic Integration of Formal and Informal E-Learning Environments for Adult Lifelong Learners presents a collection of issues and research from adult education professionals who define, develop, implement, and evaluate the integration of formal and informal eLearning environments for adult lifelong learners. Academics, teachers, administrators, and learning technologists will benefit from this publication’s unique approach to discussing and analyzing the challenges of introducing and implementing learning technologies for adult lifelong learners.
In the West, innovations in new public management (NPM) have been regarded as part of the neoliberal project, whilst in China, these reforms have emerged from a very different economic and social landscape. Despite these differences however, similar measures to those introduced in the West have been adopted by the Chinese state, which has largely abandoned the planned economy and adopted market mechanisms in the pursuit of improved economic efficiency and growth. Evaluating the results of these reforms in both China and the West between 1978 and 2011, this book shows that despite substantial improvements in economic efficiency in both cases under consideration, there have been considerable negative impacts on the distribution of wealth, access to public services, levels of poverty, public health, and the incidence of crime. Further, this book explores the different results of NPM in China and the West and the conclusions Paolo Urio draws have timely significance, as he suggests that China has been able to change its policies more rapidly and thus more effectively respond to the challenges posed by the current economic crisis. Drawing on both Western and Chinese sources, this innovative book compares the consequences of their public management reforms, taking into account the impact on both the economy and society. As such, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars working in the fields of Chinese studies, Asian studies, business, economics, strategic public management and comparative studies in capitalism and socialism.
Global economic demands and population surges have led to dwindling resources and problematic environmental issues. As the climate and its natural resources continue to struggle, it has become necessary to research and employ new forms of sustainable technology to help meet the growing demand. Sustainable Nanosystems Development, Properties, and Applications features emergent research and theoretical concepts in the areas of nanotechnology, photovoltaics, electrochemistry, and materials science, as well as within the physical and environmental sciences. Highlighting progressive approaches and utilization techniques, this publication is a critical reference source for researchers, engineers, students, scientists, and academicians interested in the application of sustainable nanotechnology.
Emotions and Personhood
Author: Giovanni Stanghellini, René Rosfort
Publisher: OUP Oxford
How does a person experience emotions? What is the relationship between the experiential and biological dimensions of emotions? How do emotions figure in a person's relation to the world and to other people? How do emotions feature in human vulnerability to mental illness? Do they play a significant role in the fragile balance between mental health and illness? If emotions are in fact significant, how are they relevant for treatment? Emotions and personhood are important notions within the field of mental health care. What they are, and how they are related though, is less evident. This book provides a framework for understanding this relationship. The authors argue for an account of emotions and personhood that attempts to understand human emotions from the combined approach of philosophy and psychopathology, taking its models particularly from hermeneutical phenomenology and from dialectical psychopathology. Within the book, the authors develop a basic set of concepts for understanding what emotional experience means for a human person, with the assumption that human emotional experience is fragile - a fact which entails vulnerability to mental disturbance. Drawing on research from psychiatry, psychopathology, philosophy, and neuroscience, the book will be valuable for both students and researchers in these disciplines, and more broadly, within the field of mental health.
The Diet Myth
Author: Tim Spector
Publisher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
'The Diet Myth is fascinating, and now I'm obsessed with microbes!' Nigella Lawson Why do most diets fail? Why does one person eat a certain meal and gain weight, while another eating the same meal loses pounds? Why, despite all the advice about what to eat, are we all still getting fatter? The answers are much more surprising - and fascinating - than we've been led to believe. The key to health and weight loss lies not in the latest fad diet, nor even in the simple mantra of 'eat less, exercise more', but in the microbes already inside us. Drawing on the latest science and his own pioneering research, Professor Tim Spector demystifies the common misconceptions about fat, calories, vitamins and nutrients. Only by understanding what makes our own personal microbes tick can we overcome the confusion of modern nutrition, and achieve a healthy gut and a healthy body.
A History of the Popes
Author: John W. O'Malley
Publisher: Government Institutes
A History of the Popes tells the story of the oldest living institution in the Western world—the papacy. From its origins in Saint Peter, Jesus' chief disciple, through Pope Benedict XVI today, the popes have been key players in virtually all of the great dramas of the western world in the last two thousand years. Acclaimed church historian John W. O'Malley's engaging narrative examines the 265 individuals who have claimed to be Peter's successors. Rather than describe each pope one by one, the book focuses on the popes that shaped pivotal moments in both church and world history. The author does not shy away from controversies in the church, and includes legends like Pope Joan and a comprehensive list of popes and antipopes to help readers get a full picture of the papacy. This simultaneously reverent yet critical book will appeal to readers interested in both religion and history as it chronicles the saints and sinners who have led the Roman Catholic Church over the past 2000 years. The author draws from his popular audio CD lecture series on the topic, 2,000 Years of Papal History, available through Now You Know Media (www.nowyouknowmedia.com).
The Search for Roots
Author: Primo Levi
Publisher: Allan Lane
The Search for Roots is an anthology of writing that Primo Levi considered to be essential reading. Beginning with The Book of Job, that drama of the just oppressed by injustice, these thirty pieces with introduction by Levi, reflect his profound knowledge of science and deep passion for literature, and his survival of Auschwitz, making it a collection that is both universal and poignantly autobiographical.