This book explores the concept of test data exclusivity protection for pharmaceuticals. Focusing on Art 39(3) of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement) and relevant provisions in selected free trade agreements (FTA) and national laws, it combines normative, historical, comparative and economic analysis of test data exclusivity protection.At the heart of this book is the novel and original Index of Data Exclusivity and Access (IDEAS), which analyzes the effectiveness of test data exclusivity provisions in FTAs and national laws both on the strength of exclusivity as well as on access to medicine. IDEAS provides a framework for the assessment of current test data exclusivity protection standards on the basis of their proximity to Article 39(3) of the TRIPS Agreement, the scope of exclusivity and the flexibilities in FTAs, and subsequently in national laws. This book aims to broaden national and international policy makers’ grasp of the various nuances of test data exclusivity protection. Furthermore, it provides practical recommendations with regard to designing an appropriate legal system with a strong focus on promoting access to medicine for all.
Eighteen years after the United States presented its plan for the international control of atomic energy to the United Nations, the first major arms control agreement was signed between the United States and the Soviet Union. Including Great Britain, the three major nuclear powers pledged to refrain from nuclear tests in the atmosphere, outer space, and underwater in a treaty negotiated in Moscow within two weeks during the summer of 1963. It was hoped that the treaty would at least discourage those phases of the arms race which required large-yield nuclear explosions in the atmosphere or outer space as well as eliminate further radioactive pollution of the atmos phere. In addition, the test ban would discourage, though not eliminate, the development of nuclear weapons by other treaty adherents because the un derground testing allowed under the terms of the document would escalate already heavy costs for countries intending to conduct their first nuclear tests. The Kennedy administration expected other agreements to follow the test ban treaty, particularly an agreement to keep outer space free from 1 nuclear warheads and to outlaw underground tests in the near future. But one of the most important anticipated benefits of the treaty was the expected improvement of relations between the United States and the Soviet Union. The treaty was important not only because it was a tangible breakthrough in East-West arms-control negotiations but also because of its implications for domestic and international politics.
Cambridge English for Scientists is a short course (40-60 hours) for student and professional scientists.
This Cambridge IGCSE® Mathematics Core and Extended series has been authored to meet the requirements of the Cambridge IGCSE® Mathematics syllabus (0580/0980), for first examination from 2020. This second edition of Cambridge IGCSE® Mathematics Core and Extended Coursebook offers complete coverage of the Cambridge IGCSE Mathematics (0580/0980) syllabus. It contains detailed explanations and clear worked examples, followed by practice exercises to allow students to consolidate the required mathematical skills. The coursebook offers opportunities for checking prior knowledge before starting a new chapter and testing knowledge with end-of-chapter and exam-practice exercises. Core and Extended materials are presented within the same book and are clearly signposted to allow students to see the range of mathematics required for study at this level. Answers are at the back of the book.
Business Model Generation
Author: Alexander Osterwalder, Yves Pigneur
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Business Model Generation is a handbook for visionaries, game changers, and challengers striving to defy outmoded business models and design tomorrow's enterprises. If your organization needs to adapt to harsh new realities, but you don't yet have a strategy that will get you out in front of your competitors, you need Business Model Generation. Co-created by 470 "Business Model Canvas" practitioners from 45 countries, the book features a beautiful, highly visual, 4-color design that takes powerful strategic ideas and tools, and makes them easy to implement in your organization. It explains the most common Business Model patterns, based on concepts from leading business thinkers, and helps you reinterpret them for your own context. You will learn how to systematically understand, design, and implement a game-changing business model--or analyze and renovate an old one. Along the way, you'll understand at a much deeper level your customers, distribution channels, partners, revenue streams, costs, and your core value proposition. Business Model Generation features practical innovation techniques used today by leading consultants and companies worldwide, including 3M, Ericsson, Capgemini, Deloitte, and others. Designed for doers, it is for those ready to abandon outmoded thinking and embrace new models of value creation: for executives, consultants, entrepreneurs, and leaders of all organizations. If you're ready to change the rules, you belong to "the business model generation!"
Author: Gustave Le Bon
Author: Zygmunt Bauman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This book is about the central figure of our contemporary, ‘liquid modern’ times – the man or woman with no bonds, and particularly with none of the fixed or durable bonds that would allow the effort of self-definition and self-assertion to come to a rest. Having no permanent bonds, the denizen of our liquid modern society must tie whatever bonds they can to engage with others, using their own wits, skill and dedication. But none of these bonds are guaranteed to last. Moreover, they must be tied loosely so that they can be untied again, quickly and as effortlessly as possible, when circumstances change – as they surely will in our liquid modern society, over and over again. The uncanny frailty of human bonds, the feeling of insecurity that frailty inspires, and the conflicting desires to tighten the bonds yet keep them loose, are the principal themes of this important new book by Zygmunt Bauman, one of the most original and influential social thinkers of our time. It will be of great interest to students and scholars in sociology and in the social sciences and humanities generally, and it will appeal to anyone interested in the changing nature of human relationships.
Campaigns on the Cutting Edge evaluates the current trends of today’s campaigns and assesses the innovative changes these well-tuned organizations are making on the presidential, congressional, and gubernatorial levels. As technology now allows candidates to announce their candidacies online, raise money through web fundraising, and mobilize supporters via smartphones, these increasingly mobile and integrated campaigns face the growing influence of outside interests. In the thoroughly updated Third Edition, author Richard J. Semiatin looks at the 2016 election and focuses on the growth of super PACs, the role of big data in campaigns, voter identification laws and their impact, and the ways in which technology increases the volume of information that campaigns use.
The Cutting Edge
Author: Linda Howard
Publisher: HQN Books
From New York Times bestselling author Linda Howard comes a fan-favorite tale of romantic intrigue Brett Rutland is the top troubleshooter at Carter Engineering, and he's used to getting his way. When he's tasked with cracking an internal embezzlement case, he meets firm accountant Tessa Conway. She's beautiful and interested, but falling for her will not only test Brett's control, it may also jeopardize the case—especially since she's the prime suspect.
Our current healthcare system is sick, and the cure is simple: We need to bring compassion back to healthcare. In The Cutting Edge of Compassion, board-certified orthopedic surgeon Dr. Barry Rose reflects on how physicians and patients can create the best healing outcomes by appreciating personality differences, addressing fear, being open to Eastern and Western medical philosophies, and working together to address insurance, legal, and pharmaceutical obstacles to optimal care. Rose presents a compassionate vision for healthcare where health professionals and patients work together to heal. The Cutting Edge of Compassion will open your eyes and your heart and reveal that compassionate healthcare is possible when patients and health professionals work together to achieve it. Dr. Barry Rose is a board-certified orthopedic surgeon and chief of orthopedic surgery and surgical division head for the Alameda division of the Palo Alto Foundation Medical Group, one of the largest multi-specialty groups in California. He resides in San Francisco with his wife Rose.
Life on the Cutting Edge
Author: Sal Rachele
Publisher: Light Technology Publishing
Are you tired of the same old stuff (S.O.S.)? Do you long for something fresh and exciting? Then perhaps this book is for you. It takes a no-nonsense look at what is really happening. It addresses the issues you and I are facing right now.