La violence des riches
Author: Michel PINÇON, Monique PINÇON-CHARLOT
Publisher: La Découverte
Sur fond de crise, la casse sociale bat son plein : vies jetables et existences sacrifiées, la violence sociale des dominants s'intensifie.Mêlant récits vécus, micro-enquêtes, faits d'actualité, portraits et données chiffrées, les deux sociologues dressent le tableau d'une grande agression sociale sur des classes populaires au bord de l'implosion. Sur fond de crise, la casse sociale bat son plein : vies jetables et existences sacrifiées. Mais les licenciements boursiers ne sont que les manifestations les plus visibles d'un phénomène dont il faut prendre toute la mesure : nous vivons une phase d'intensification multiforme de la violence sociale. Mêlant enquêtes, portraits vécus et données chiffrées, Michel Pinçon et Monique Pinçon-Charlot dressent le constat d'une grande agression sociale, d'un véritable pilonnage des classes populaires – un monde social fracassé, au bord de l'implosion. Loin d'être l'œuvre d'un " adversaire sans visage ", cette violence de classe, qui se marque dans les têtes et dans les corps, a ses agents, ses stratégies et ses lieux. Les dirigeants politiques y ont une part écrasante de responsabilité. Les renoncements récents doivent ainsi être replacés dans la longue histoire des petites et grandes trahisons d'un socialisme de gouvernement qui a depuis longtemps choisi son camp. À ceux qui taxent indistinctement de " populisme " toute opposition à ces politiques qui creusent la misère sociale et font grossir les grandes fortunes, les auteurs renvoient le compliment : il est grand temps de faire la critique du " bourgeoisisme ".
Frantz Fanon was one of the twentieth century’s most important theorists of revolution, colonialism, and racial difference, and this, his masterwork, is a classic alongside Orientalism and The Autobiography of Malcolm X. The Wretched of the Earth is a brilliant analysis of the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation. Bearing singular insight into the rage of colonized peoples and the role of violence in historical change, the book also incisively attacks postindependence disenfranchisement of the masses by the elite on one hand, and intertribal and interfaith animosities on the other. A veritable handbook of social reorganization for leaders of emerging nations, The Wretched of the Earth has had a major impact on civil rights, anticolonialism, and black-consciousness movements around the world. This new translation updates its language for a new generation of readers and its lessons are more vital now than ever.
The Great Leveler
Author: Walter Scheidel
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Are mass violence and catastrophes the only forces that can seriously decrease economic inequality? To judge by thousands of years of history, the answer is yes. Tracing the global history of inequality from the Stone Age to today, Walter Scheidel shows that it never dies peacefully. The Great Leveler is the first book to chart the crucial role of violent shocks in reducing inequality over the full sweep of human history around the world. The “Four Horsemen” of leveling—mass-mobilization warfare, transformative revolutions, state collapse, and catastrophic plagues—have repeatedly destroyed the fortunes of the rich. Today, the violence that reduced inequality in the past seems to have diminished, and that is a good thing. But it casts serious doubt on the prospects for a more equal future. An essential contribution to the debate about inequality, The Great Leveler provides important new insights about why inequality is so persistent—and why it is unlikely to decline anytime soon.
History of Violence
Author: Édouard Louis
Publisher: Farrar Straus and Giroux
History of Violence is international bestselling French author Edouard Louis’s autobiographical novel about surviving a shocking sexual assault and coping with the post-traumatic stress disorder of its aftermath. On Christmas Eve 2012, in Paris, the novelist Édouard Louis was raped and almost murdered by a man he had just met. This act of violence left Louis shattered; its aftermath made him a stranger to himself and sent him back to the village, the family, and the past he had sworn to leave behind. A bestseller in France, History of Violence is a short nonfiction novel in the tradition of Truman Capote’s In Cold Blood, but with the victim as its subject. Moving seamlessly and hypnotically between past and present, between Louis’s voice and the voice of an imagined narrator, History of Violence has the exactness of a police report and the searching, unflinching curiosity of memoir at its best. It records not only the casual racism and homophobia of French society but also their subtle effects on lovers, brothers and sisters, husbands and wives. It represents a great step forward for a young writer whose acuity, skill, and depth are unmatched by any novelist of his generation, in French or English.
Sociologie de la bourgeoisie
Author: Michel PINÇON, Monique PINÇON-CHARLOT
Publisher: La Découverte
Depuis la dernière édition de ce livre en 2007, la bourgeoisie a connu des bouleversements liés notamment au pouvoir grandissant de la finance sur l'industrie, la politique et les médias. Quelles en sont les conséquences sur les différentes formes de richesse, l'argent, la culture, les relations sociales et le prestige qui caractérisent cette classe sociale ? Quatrième édition de ce classique par deux des meilleurs spécialistes de la bourgeoisie française. Depuis dix ans, la bourgeoisie a connu des bouleversements liés notamment au pouvoir grandissant de la finance sur l'industrie, la politique et les médias. Quelles en sont les conséquences sur les différentes formes de richesse, l'argent, la culture, les relations sociales et le prestige qui caractérisent cette classe sociale ? Les modes de vie des grands bourgeois ont-ils changé ? Dans quelles conditions leurs positions dominantes se reproduisent-elles de génération en génération ? Quel est le rôle des dynasties familiales dans cette transmission ? La bourgeoisie, face à la montée des inégalités économiques et sociales, est-elle consciente de leurs conséquences sur les peuples ? Est-elle la dernière classe sociale ? La mobilisation pour la défense de ses intérêts exige des liens de plus en plus étroits avec les politiques. Peut-on parler d'une oligarchie ? C'est à ces questions sur cet univers encore trop méconnu et qui préférerait le rester que répond ce livre rigoureux et accessible.
The Civilizing Process stands out as Norbert Elias' greatest work, tracing the 'civilizing' of manners and personality in Western Europe since the Middle Ages, and showing how this was related to the formation of states and the monopolization of power within them. It comprises the two volumes originally published in English as The History of Manners and State Formation and Civilization, now, in a single volume, the book is restored to its original format and made available world-wide to a new generation of readers.In this new edition, the original text is extensively revised, corrected, and updated. The Revised Edition reveals anew and afresh the greatness of Elias' masterpiece.
Author: Jamie Reid
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Patrice des Moutis was a handsome, charming and well educated Frenchman with an aristocratic family, a respectable insurance business, and a warm welcome in the smartest Parisian salons. He was also a compulsive gambler and illegal bookie. Between the late 1950s and the early 1970s, des Moutis made a daring attempt to beat the French state-run betting system. With a genius for mathematics and a deep love and understanding of the horse-racing world – not to mention excellent relationships with all the top trainers and jockeys – he applied himself to his task with vigour and meticulous research. A series of spectacular coups netted him (and his friends, with whom he generously shared his predictions) the equivalent of millions of pounds, and soon saw him nicknamed Monsieur X and hailed as a hero by a public desperate to see someone get one over on the state. Des Moutis' success so alarmed the authorities that they repeatedly changed the rules of betting in an effort to stop him. And so a battle of wills began, all played out on the front pages of the daily newspapers as the general public willed des Moutis on to ever greater successes. He remained one step ahead of the authorities until finally the government criminalised his activities, driving him into the arms of the underworld. Eventually the net began to close, high-profile characters found themselves the target of the state's investigation, and people began turning up dead. This long-running cat and mouse game – with the law on one side and des Moutis and the gangsters on the other – is a dazzling tale of glamour, riches, violence and ultimately tragedy.
A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies is an account written by the Spanish Dominican friar Bartolome de las Casas in 1542 (published in 1552) about the mistreatment of the indigenous peoples of the Americas in colonial times and sent to then Prince Philip II of Spain.Bartolome de las Casas (circa 1484 – 18 July 1566) was a 16th-century Spanish historian, social reformer and Dominican friar. He became the first resident Bishop of Chiapas, and the first officially appointed "Protector of the Indians." His extensive writings, the most famous being "A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies" and "Historia de Las Indias", chronicle the first decades of colonization of the West Indies and focus particularly on the atrocities committed by the colonizers against the indigenous peoples.
The Islamic Enlightenment
Author: Christopher de Bellaigue
Publisher: Random House
SHORTLISTED FOR THE BAILLIE GIFFORD PRIZE ‘Brilliant' Orhan Pamuk 'The best sort of book for our disordered days: timely, urgent and illuminating' Pankaj Mishra 'It strikes a blow ... for common humanity.' Sunday Times The Islamic Enlightenment: a contradiction in terms? The Muslim world has often been accused of a failure to modernise, reform and adapt. But, from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the present day, Islamic society in its Middle Eastern heartlands has in fact been transformed by modern ideals and practices, including the adoption of modern medicine, the emergence of women from purdah and the development of democracy. Who were the scholars and scientists, writers and politicians that brought about these remarkable changes? And why is their legacy now under threat? Beginning with the dramatic collision of East and West following Napoleon’s arrival in Egypt, and taking us through 200 tumultuous years of Middle Eastern history, Christopher de Bellaigue introduces us to key figures and reformers; from Egypt’s visionary ruler Muhammad Ali to brave radicals like Iran’s first feminist Qurrat al-Ayn and the writer Ibrahim Sinasi, who transformed Ottoman Turkey’s language and literature. This book tells the forgotten story of the Islamic Enlightenment. It shows us how to look beyond sensationalist headlines to foster a genuine understanding of modern Islam and Muslim culture, and is essential reading for anyone engaged with the state of the world today.
Geopolitics of Chaos
Author: Ignacio Ramonet
Publisher: Algora Publishing
Director of Le Monde Diplomatique, the author presents an original, discriminating and lucid political matrix for understanding what he calls the OC current disorder of the worldOCO in terms of Internationalization, Cyberculture and Political Chaos."
The Accountant's Story
Author: Roberto Escobar
Publisher: Grand Central Publishing
"I have many scars. Some of them are physical, but many more are scars on my soul. A bomb sent to kill me while I was in a maximum security prison has made me blind, yet now I see the world more clearly than I have ever seen it before. I have lived an incredible adventure. I watched as my brother, Pablo Escobar, became the most successful criminal in history, but also a hero to many of the people of Colombia. My brother was loved and he was feared. Hundreds of thousands of people marched in his funeral procession, and certainly as many people celebrated his death." These are the words of Roberto Escobar-the top accountant for the notorious and deadly Medellín Cartel, and brother of Pablo Escobar, the most famous drug lord in history. At the height of his reign, Pablo's multibillion-dollar operation smuggled tons of cocaine each week into countries all over the world. Roberto and his ten accountants kept track of all the money. Only Pablo and Roberto knew where it was stashed-and what it bought. And the amounts of money were simply staggering. According to Roberto, it cost $2,500 every month just to purchase the rubber bands needed to wrap the stacks of cash. The biggest problem was finding a place to store it: from secret compartments in walls and beneath swimming pools to banks and warehouses everywhere. There was so much money that Roberto would sometimes write off ten percent as "spoilage," meaning either rats had chewed up the bills or dampness had ruined the cash. Roberto writes about the incredible violence of the cartel, but he also writes of the humanitarian side of his brother. Pablo built entire towns, gave away thousands of houses, paid people's medical expenses, and built schools and hospitals. Yet he was responsible for the horrible deaths of thousands of people. In short, this is the story of a world of riches almost beyond mortal imagination, and in his own words, Roberto Escobar tells all: building a magnificent zoo at Pablo's opulent home, the brothers' many escapes into the jungles of Colombia, devising ingenious methods to smuggle tons of cocaine into the United States, bribing officials with literally millions of dollars-and building a personal army to protect the Escobar family against an array of enemies sworn to kill them. Few men in history have been more beloved-or despised-than Pablo Escobar. Now, for the first time, his story is told by the man who knew him best: his brother, Roberto.
Memoir on Pauperism
Author: Alexis de Tocqueville
Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
[L]egal charity has not only taken freedom of movement from the English poor but also from those who are threatened by poverty.-from "Memoir on Pauperism"Inspired by a trip to England at a time when that nation was in the throes of political, social, and economic strife and poverty was rampant, political philosopher Alexis de Tocqueville developed his theories on civil society as it relates to its poorest members and set them down in this 1835 essay. With keen insight, he explains: .why the richest nations have the most paupers.why private charity is more likely to alleviate poverty than government aid.how good intentions backfire to produce a chronically dependent underclass.The political and economic situations Tocqueville examines are immediately recognizable as one that haunts the world's richest nations today, and his lessons are still to be learned. This is an important book for our unsteady times.Also available from Cosimo Classics: Tocqueville's Selected Letters on Politics and Society.French writer ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE (1805-1859) was born in Paris and practiced law before embarking on travels in America to study the young nation's political experiment. The result, the two-volume Democracy in America (1835, 1840), is considered a classic discourse on 19th-century America.
Author: Michel Pinçon, Monique Pinðcon-Charlot
Publisher: Algora Publishing
Under the direction of Pierre Bourdieu, a team of 22 researchers spent three years studying and analyzing the new forces of social suffering that characterize contemporary societies.