Teachers are often told that new teaching methods and materials are 'based on the latest research'. But what does this mean in practice? This book introduces you to some of the language acquisition research that will help you not just to evaluate existing materials, but also to adapt and use them in a way that fits what we currently understand about how languages are learned.
How Languages are Learned
Author: Patsy Lightbown, Nina Spada
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Relates theories of first and second language acquisition to what actually goes on in the classroom Uses activities throughout to explore the practical implications of the ideas presented NEW Updated content gives teachers information about recent research on L2 learning NEW Activities and Questions for Reflection personalise content and support critical thinking NEW Extra Activities, Study Questions, and videos available online at www.oup.com/elt/teacher/hlal
Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching has influenced the way thousands of teachers have taught English. This classic guide to developing the way you teach has been an essential resource to new and experienced teachers worldwide, and is now in its third edition. Each chapter focuses on a different teaching approach, describing it being used in the classroom, analyzing what happened, and helping you think how you could apply it to your own teaching. New features of the third edition include: a new discussion on the political dimensions of language teaching, a new digital technology chapter, and extended coverage of content-based and task-based approaches. On this site you will find additional resources, including author videos in which Diane Larsen-Freeman and Marti Anderson talk about the background to the book and new innovations in language teaching which are discussed in the third edition.
How Vocabulary is Learned
Author: Stuart Webb, Paul Nation
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This guide to vocabulary acquisition is essential reading for teachers of English as a second or foreign language. It presents the major ideas and principles that relate to the teaching and learning of vocabulary and evaluates a wide range of practical activities designed to help boost students’ vocabulary acquisition. Key questions which are answered include: • How many words should students learn at a time, and how often? • How much classroom time should be spent teaching vocabulary? • What is the best way to group vocabulary for learning? • Is it useful to provide students with the L1 translations of unknown words? • Why do some students make greater progress than others? stuart webb is Professor in Applied Linguistics at the University of Western Ontario, Canada. paul nation is Emeritus Professor in Applied Linguistics at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. Teachers will find answers to many of their perennial questions about vocabulary learning—as well as some they had not yet thought to ask! There is research evidence to support established practices, but also new evidence that challenges old ideas. patsy lightbown (co-author of How Languages are Learned, with Nina Spada)
Second Language Learning and Language Teaching provides an introduction to the application of second language acquisition research to language teaching. Assuming no previous background in second language acquisition or language teaching methods, this text starts by introducing readers to the basic issues of second language acquisition research. It then examines how people learn particular aspects of the second language, such as grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation and the writing system, and at the strategies they adopt in their learning and the differences between individuals. Final chapters look at second language learning in a broader context – the goals of language teaching and how teaching methods relate to SLA research. This newly updated fifth edition builds on the comprehensive scope of earlier editions while also addressing more recent developments in the field, particularly multilingual approaches to language teaching.
The aim of this book is to provide teachers with a fresh approach to thinking about English grammar, Each chapter focuses on a problematic area, for example "Articles", "Conditionals", and "Direct and indirect speech". First the basic grammatical form is described, and then the meaning distinctions conveyed by particular forms. The final section of each chapter shows how meaning can be shaped by context and communicative purpose. The book includes exercises, teaching ideas, and a glossary.
Looks at the way in which social, political, economic, and cultural factors can influence the language classroom. This book also contains practical suggestions on how to cope with the professional problems and misunderstandings which can occur in overseas contexts. It is useful for native-speaker teachers of English preparing to work overseas.
Doing Second Language Research
Author: James Dean Brown, Theodore S. Rodgers
Publisher: Oxford University Press
There are now many introductions to language research available. What makes Doing Second Language Research different and special is that it puts you inside the research process. It does this by giving you different roles within a variety of mini-studies. This means you can get a feel for what it's like to be a research subject, research organizer, research data collector, research data analyst, and research reporter. All of this ismeant to help you prepare for the final goal of designing your own research. The book is organized into four parts: - Part One is a general introduction to the nature of research. - Part Two covers qualitative research and contains chapterson case study research, introspection research (use of verbal protocols), and classroom research (interaction analysis). - Part Three covers quantitative research and contains chapters on descriptive statistics research (survey analysis), correlational research (into language learning and teaching attitudes), and quasi-experimental research (into vocabulary learning techniques). - Part Four consists of a concluding chapter on course evaluation andcombining research types. Like other books in this series, Doing Second Language Research is designed to bridge the gap between theory and practice. To help achieve this balance, each chapter is organized into the following sections: 1. Introducing theresearch type 2. Experiencing the research type 3. Compiling the data generated by the research type 4. Analysing the data generated by the research type 5. Designing the research type 6. Interpreting the research type 7. Significance of the research type 8. Reflecting on the research experience Two of the chapters (2 and 8) also have sections on reporting research results. There is a content summary at the end of each chapter, numerous exercises with an accompanying answer key, and a glossary of key terms.
This book offers a new methodological framework for the CLIL classroom, focusing on how to guide input and support output. Full of real-life examples and practical guidelines, the book provides support to both novice and experienced CLIL teachers. Areas covered include: the language used in CLIL; CLIL teacher training; materials design for CLIL; assessment in CLIL. Extra resources are available on the website: www.oup.com/elt/teacher/clil Phil Ball is a CLIL author and teacher trainer based in northern Spain. Keith Kelly is a writer and speaker on CLIL worldwide, and is based in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. John Clegg is a textbook author and CLIL consultant based in London.
This book provides a practical overview of the most important methods in the field. Readers are drawn into classrooms where various teaching methods and approaches are being used. They are encouraged to reflect on their own beliefs and to develop their own approach to language teaching.
How can you use technology for pedagogic purposes in the language classroom? Technology Enhanced Language Learning discusses how the use of technology opens up opportunities for learning, how it enables different types of learning, and how it affects language use.
Principles of Language Learning and Teaching, Fifth Edition, by H. Douglas Brown, is the classic second language acquisition text used by teacher education programs worldwide. Principles introduces key concepts through definitions of terms, thought-provoking questions, charts, and spiraling. New "Classroom Connections" encourage students to consider the implications of research for classroom pedagogy. An up-to-date bibliography and new glossary provide quick access to important works and key terminology in the field.
English is the major language of international communication, and everyone wants to learn it. But which English, and how? Teaching English as an International Language provides an accessible overview of this increasingly important field. Sandra Lee McKay questions the cultural assumptions underlying much English teaching, arguing that classroom aims and methodology should be based on the requirements of an international language.
This book provides teachers with an entirely new approach to developing and using classroom-based language assessments. This approach is based on current theory and practice in the field of language assessment and on an understanding of the assessment needs of classroom teachers. The following key questions are addressed: • Why do I need to assess? What beneficial consequences do I want to help bring about? How can my assessments help my students learn better and help me improve my teaching? • When and how often do I need to assess? What decisions do I need to make to help bring about these beneficial consequences? • What do I need to assess? How can I define the abilities that I want to assess? • How can I assess my students? What kinds of assessment tasks should I create? How can I score my students’ responses to these tasks? The authors guide the reader step-by-step through the process of developing and using classroom-based assessments with clear explanations and definitions of key terms, illustrative examples, and activities for applying the approach in practice. Extra resources are available on the website: www.oup.com/elt/teacher/lact Lyle Bachman is Professor Emeritus of Applied Linguistics at the University of California, Los Angeles. He serves as a consultant in language testing research projects and in developing language assessments for universities and government agencies around the world, and he conducts courses and training workshops in language assessment. Barbara Damböck was Director of Studies of the English Department at the Teacher Training Academy in Dillingen, Germany, from 2003 to 2011. From 2003 to 2017 she supervised the training of oral examiners for the certification examination for elementary school English teachers in Bavaria. She has extensive experience as a classroom teacher, teacher trainer, and teacher of teacher trainers. She conducts courses and workshops for teachers and teacher trainers around the world.
Now in its fourth edition, this comprehensive, best-selling methodology resource gives both prospective and experienced ESL/ELT teachers the theoretical background and practical applications they need to decide which approaches, materials, and resources can and should be used in their classrooms.With a focus on the learner and attention to the socio-cultural influences on language learning, "The Apple Book" covers methodology, language skills, teaching skills, integrated approaches, learner variables, and teacher development.