In an era in which the EU's influence in criminal law matters has expanded rapidly, attention has recently turned to the possible creation of a European Public Prosecutor's Office. This two volume work presents the results of a study carried out by a group of European criminal law experts in 2010-2012, with the financial support of the EU Commission, whose aims were to examine in detail current public prosecution systems in the Member States and to scrutinise proposals for a new European office. Volume 1 begins with thorough descriptions of 20 different national legal systems of investigation and prosecution, addressing a range of evidential and procedural safeguards. These will serve as a point of reference for all future research on public prosecutors. Volume 1 also contains a series of cross-cutting studies of the key issues that will inform debates about the creation of a European Public Prosecutor's Office, including studies of vertical cooperation in administrative investigations in subsidy and competition cases, the accession of the EU to the ECHR, judicial control in cooperation in criminal matters, mutual recognition and decentralised enforcement of European competition law. Volume 2 (which will be published in 2013) presents a draft set of model rules for the procedure of the European Public Prosecutor's Office and continues with a set of comparative studies of the national legal systems that cover the gathering of evidence, seizure of assets, arrests, tracking and tracing, prosecution measures, procedural safeguards, the presumption of innocence and the right to silence, access to the file and victim reconciliation. Volume 2 concludes with the final report, written by Professor Ligeti, summarising the findings of the group and reporting on the prospects for the proposed reform.
The terrorist attacks occurred in the United States on 11 September 2001 have profoundly altered and reshaped the priorities of criminal justice systems around the world. Atrocities like the 9/11 attacks, the Madrid train bombings of March 2003, and the terrorist act to the United Kingdom of July 2005 threatened the life of democratic nations. The volume explores the response of democratic nation-states to the problems of terrorism and counter-terrorism within the framework of the Rule of Law. One of the primary subjects of study is the ways in which the interests of the state (security from external threats, the maintenance of civil peace, and the promotion of the commonwealth) are balanced or not with the liberty and freedom of the citizens of the state. The distinctive aspect of this focus is that it brings a historical, political, philosophical and comparative approach to the contemporary shape and purposes of the criminal justice systems around the world.
Shows that the shari'a and Islamic law are compatible with contemporary international human rights laws and norms, and appropriate for use in Muslim societies.
Academic research of SSaH 2015
Author: group of authors
Publisher: Czech Institute of Academic Education z.s.
International Academic Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities in Prague 2015 (NY'sAC-SSaH 2015 in Prague), Wednesday - Thursday, December 30 - 31, 2015
John Spencer has worked at Cambridge University for over 40 years. He has lectured, supervised ? and entertained ? students in tort, contract, crime, medical law and criminal procedure and evidence. This book is a tribute to Professor Spencer, but it is different from the usual tribute in that it contains case notes written and selected by the author himself and all published in the Cambridge Law Journal (CLJ) between 1970 and 2013. With the exception of one note, which is somewhat longer, the articles are taken from the case note section of the CLJ which, until fairly recently, imposed a strict word limit of 1000 words and no more (the complexity of the cases and the prolixity of the judges led to the CLJ relaxing this rule to 1500 words). The case notes reproduced here provide a master-class in the writing of incisive, engaging notes. Written with students in mind but also intended for the consumption and edification of a wider audience, these case notes epitomise the way in which Professor Spencer has, for 43 years, cajoled, lambasted and encouraged the judiciary to see things his way.
This book deals with sentencing in international criminal law, focusing on the approach of the UN ad hoc Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and Rwanda (ICTR). In contrast to sentencing in domestic jurisdictions, and in spite of its growing importance, sentencing law is a part of international criminal law that is still 'under construction' and is unregulated in many aspects. International sentencing law and practice is not yet defined by exact norms and principles and as yet there is no body of international principles concerning the determination of sentence, notwithstanding the huge volume of sentencing research and the extensive modern debate about sentencing principles. Moreover international judges receive very little guidance in sentencing matters: this contributes to inconsistencies and may increase the risk that similar cases will be sentenced in different ways. One purpose of this book is to investigate and evaluate the process of international sentencing, especially as interpreted by the ICTY and the ICTR, and to suggest a more comprehensive and coherent system of guiding principles, which will foster the development of a law of sentencing for international criminal justice. The book discusses the law and jurisprudence of the ad hoc Tribunals, and also presents an empirical analysis of influential factors and other data from ICTY and ICTR sentencing practice, thus offering quantitative support for the doctrinal analysis. This publication is one of the first to be entirely devoted to the process of sentencing in international criminal justice. The book will thus be of great interest to practitioners, academics and students of the subject.
Le droit pénal général et la procédure pénale constituent deux matières incontournables de tout cursus juridique, spécialement dans le contexte d'une pénalisation contemporaine de la plupart des branches du droit. En complément aux enseignements magistraux et aux travaux dirigés suivis par les étudiants dans leur Faculté, cet ouvrage propose 31 exercices (dissertations, cas pratiques, commentaires d'articles, de documents et d'arrêts, note de synthèse) en droit pénal général (12 thèmes) et en procédure pénale (11 thèmes). Tous les exercices sont corrigés et à jour des lois et de la jurisprudence récentes (notamment la loi du 9 mars 2004 portant adaptation de la justice aux évolutions de la criminalité et la loi du 12 décembre 2005 relative au traitement de la récidive). Ils sont aussi accompagnés d'indications méthodologiques, de bibliographies et de documents complémentaires (décisions de justice, lois, tableaux récapitulatifs). Cet ouvrage ambitionne de répondre aux interrogations, notamment méthodologiques, des étudiants en droit pénal général et en procédure pénale. Il leur permettra aussi d'approfondir leurs connaissances dans ces matières. Ils pourront l'utiliser pour préparer leurs séances de travaux dirigés ou pour réviser leurs examens. Plus généralement, ce recueil d'exercices corrigés est destiné à tous ceux qui souhaitent aborder la matière pénale de façon pratique.
Des Annales corrigées et des sujets d'actualité pour vous entraîner aux épreuves 2006 de la licence en droit. Ces annales corrigées ont été choisies par une équipe pédagogique qui, en outre, a rédigé tous les corrigés dans l'esprit de ce que vous aurez à produire le jour de l'examen ; ont été sélectionnées parmi les sujets posés dans la plupart des facultés de droit en France ; sont complétées de sujets d'actualité, composés spécialement par les auteurs, pour tenir compte de " ce qui bouge "; elles couvrent l'ensemble du programme de chaque matière ; traitent tous les types d'épreuves qui peuvent vous être posés le jour de l'examen.