Current research has given us a more complete understanding of how the chemicals in foods and herbs interact with natural and synthetic drugs. In some cases a single food or supplement can profoundly increase or decrease the toxicity and/or efficacy of a single drug. Although it is standard practice to examine the effects of food consumption on the absorption and pharmacokinetics of new drugs, the issue has become greater than "should this medicine be taken with or without food." Nutrient-Drug Interactions focuses on food, herbals, and their chemical constituents as contributors to human health through control of metabolism, primarily as they relate to chronic disease development and treatment. The book's organization highlights the ailment being treated or prevented and the targets of therapy. Each chapter provides a comprehensive examination of the macronutrient, micronutrient, and phytochemical impact on drug action and includes advice on modification or supplementation in those cases where diet is a factor. The chapters focus on the molecular mechanism by which a food or chemical is thought to modify disease process and drug behavior. The book describes the roles of genetic variation and polymorphism in determining nutrient/drug responses, how they might be "profiled" to identify those likely to demonstrate specific interactions, and who would benefit from adjuvant or complementary therapies. The book explores how what is consumed affects response, whether on a population or individual level, to the pharmacologic agents that are the mainstay of chronic disease treatment/prevention around the world.
A trusted classic for over 50 years, Krause’s Food and the Nutrition Care Process, 14th Edition presents the most cutting-edge and up-to-date dietetics content available in this ever-changing field. Nicknamed the "nutrition bible", students and practitioners alike turn to its current, comprehensive content, engaging pedagogy and design, and logical presentation of information. This new edition includes the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, more visuals, and highlighted Clinical Case Studies, Clinical Insights, and Clinical Applications boxes that help translate scientific knowledge into practical patient care. Written by nearly 50 nationally recognized writers, researchers, and practitioners, it covers nutrition assessment and intervention, the nutritional needs of individuals in different stages of the life cycle, nutrition for health and fitness, and medical nutrition therapy. Authored by clinical specialists, ensuring in-depth coverage with many practical and evidence-based recommendations. Sample Nutrition Diagnosis boxes present a problem, its etiology, and its signs and symptoms before concluding with a sample nutrition diagnosis, providing both students and practitioners with real-life scenarios they may encounter in practice. UNIQUE! Pathophysiology algorithms present the cause, pathophysiology, and medical nutrition management for a variety of disorders and conditions to help you provide optimal nutritional care. Chapters on nutrition in each of the life cycle phases, include: Nutrition in Pregnancy and Lactation Nutrition in Infancy Nutrition in Childhood Nutrition in Adolescence Nutrition in the Adult Years Nutrition in Aging Focus On boxes provide thought-provoking information on key concepts for well-rounded study and further discussion within the classroom. New Directions boxes point you toward additional research on emerging areas in nutrition therapy. Clinical Insight boxes expand on clinical information, highlight areas that may go unnoticed, and contain clinical resources for students and practitioners. Chapters on the nutritional care of the low-birth-weight and premature infant feature information on how to support their health, growth, and development. Useful websites direct you to online resources that relate to chapter topics. Key terms are defined at the beginning of each chapter and bolded within the text where they are discussed in more detail.
This manual provides expert practical guidelines for the management of severely malnourished children. Addressed to doctors and other senior health workers, the manual explains exactly what must be done to save lives, achieve successful management and rehabilitation, prevent relapse, and thus give these children the greatest chance of full recovery. Throughout, the importance of treating severe malnutrition as both a medical and a social disorder is repeatedly emphasized. As successful management does not require sophisticated facilities and equipment or highly qualified personnel, the manual also performs a persuasive function, encouraging health professionals to do all they can to save these children and meet their great need for care and affection. Recommended procedures draw on extensive practical experience as well as several recent therapeutic advances. These include improved solutions of oral rehydration salts for the treatment of dehydration, better understanding of the role of micronutrients in dietary management, and growing evidence that physical and psychological stimulation can help prevent long-term consequences of impaired growth and psychological development. Noting that the physiology of malnourished children is seriously abnormal, the manual gives particular attention to aspects of management - whether involving the interpretation of symptoms or the use of specific interventions - that differ considerably from standard procedures for well-nourished children. Details range from the reasons why IV infusion easily causes overhydration and heart failure, through a list of treatments that have no value and should never be used, to the simple reminder that underarm temperature is not a reliable guide to body temperature in a malnourished child during rewarming. Further practical guidance is provided in eight appendices, which use numerous tables, charts, sample recording forms, instructions for preparing feeds, and examples of easily constructed toys to help ensure that management is thorough, safe, and in line with the latest knowledge.
Author: John Alexander-Williams, Miles Irving
This new fourth edition of the Nutrition and Diet Therapy Reference Dictionary covers all aspects of nutrition, including assessment of drug-nutrient interactions, laboratory interpretations, enteral and parenteral nutrition support, community and public health nutrition programs, nutrition throughout the life cycle, and such topics as nutrition and the immune system, nutrition labeling, chemical dependency, AIDS, and organ transplantation. Special features of the Dictionary are entries on 130 different diets (listed under D); nutrition therapy for more than 350 disorders, including inborn errors of metabo lism; 145 drugs and their effects on nutrition; and more than 150 nutritional products with their main uses and composition. Of particular importance are topics of public health concerns for the 1990s and the year 2000, and dietary recommendations for prevention of major degenerative diseases such as obesity, coronary heart disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and cancer. With more than 3000 carefully selected entries, the new Fourth Edition includes 380 new terms and more than 600 revised and expanded definitions. In choosing the words to be entered and defined, the authors used as their criterion the frequency of use or importance of a term in relation to nutrition. Definitions are cross-referenced to other word entries and the materials found in the Appendix to provide further details and information. All practitioners in the fields of nutrition and dietetics, as well as educators, students, and others interested in nutrition will find this handy desk reference particu larly useful. It is easy-to-use and provides instant access to nutrition information.
developed. When I did not identify European colleagues In this rapidly evolving field it is appropriate to update frequently our state of the art knowledge of uremia therapy. who had the expertise who could expend the time and with Hence, this third edition of Replacement of Renal Function whom I could work so smoothly, I began alone. by Dialysis appears before many of its predecessors have Although I was tempted to ask all the same authors as had been destroyed by normal wear and tear over 11 and 6 years written so well previously to contribute again, I realized that the new edition must be revitalized. Accordingly a fraction of use, respectively. The first two editions of this book were designed to be of the authors changed, some new topics have been added integrated comprehensive reviews of the pertinent aspects and others have been deleted. The multinational character of dialysis and related fields with sufficient clarity for the of authorship has been maintained. Existing chapters have novice to learn, yet adequate depth for the expert to rely on been rewritten thoroughly, and new authors have provided them as encyclopedic desk references on renal replacement as requested a full discussion and bibliography in keeping therapy. Based on the favorable readers' comments and with the previous editions.
Human Gene Mutation
Author: David N. Cooper, Michael Krawczak
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Within the last decade, much progress has been made in the analysis and diagnosis of human inherited disease, and in the characterization of the underlying genes and their associated pathological lesions.
Nutritional Assessment and Support
Author: Carey P. Page, Thomas C. Hardin, George Melnick
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Brain Tumors in Children
Author: Amar Gajjar, Gregory H. Reaman, Judy M. Racadio, Franklin O. Smith
This book presents the current clinical evidence on the efficacy of herbal and nutritional treatments for anxiety that is experienced in association with psychiatric disorder, and explains how health professionals can apply this knowledge to the benefit of patients presenting with a wide range of symptoms, including comorbid mood disorders. All chapters are written by world-leading researchers who draw on the findings of human clinical trials to provide uncompromising assessments of individual treatments, including herbal anxiolytics with sedative actions, adaptogens, cognitive anxiolytics, and nutraceuticals. Traditional treatments requiring further study – including the plant-based psychotropic Ayahuasca and other phytotherapies of potential value in the treatment of anxiety – are also reviewed. In the closing chapters, a series of helpful case studies are provided by mental health clinicians in order to illustrate how herbal and nutritional treatments can best be integrated into an overall treatment plan for individuals with a range of comorbid diagnoses. Mental health professionals, researchers, and general readers will find that the book provides an excellent review of current scientific knowledge gained from the study of herbal and nutritional treatments, together with important clinical recommendations for their use in patients experiencing clinically significant levels of anxiety.
This publication is a training resource that deals with the period prior to successful weaning when a child continues to receive breast milk but also needs increasing amounts of addtional complementary foods to ensure healthy development. It is intended as a practical learning tool for all those responsible for the health and nutrition of young children, particularly health and nutrition workers, and their trainers.
Nutrition and Diet Therapy
Author: Carroll A. Lutz, Karen Rutherford Przytulski
Publisher: F A Davis Company
This text teaches the science of nutrition and explains how to apply that knowledge in practice from a nursing perspective.